There are certain diet programs, called alternative diet, that are centered on the theory that health can be improved by either avoiding or eating certain foods. Some of these diets are to keep oneself healthy; while others are for combating certain illnesses and diseases such as heart disease or cancer. These diets also include lifestyle routine changes such as including a regular exercise routine and/or a stress relief program.
These programs try to improve a personâ€™s well being on both a mental and physical level. Many claim to provide cures or prevention of disease; however there have not been enough data or study to actual provide definitive proof.
Diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, attention disorders and fibromyalgia are thought to be treatable through some of these diets; but again there are no scientific conclusions that they are linked to diet.
Examples of these diets include
–Macrobiotic diets are vegetarian based and are designed to improve general health. Unproven claims of this diet include it being cancer cure. The diet is based around whole grains and brown rice, as well as fresh vegetables.
–The Pritikin diet claims to reverse and prevent cardiovascular disease, and is almost exclusively vegetarian. However, the diet does provide for the consumption of fish and chicken. High-fiber foods are highly encouraged as is daily exercise.
–The McDougall plan is another diet that claims to prevent heart disease as well as allergies, osteoporosis, kidney disease and cancer. This is a very strict vegetarian diet whose components are vegetables, fruits, beans and grains only. This diet also includes sunshine, clean air and water as well as exercise. Maintaining comfortable surroundings is also part of the diet.
Some of these diets are considered safe but only in moderation. Any diet that is highly restrictive in food choices can cause deficiencies and other health problems.